Psychological Test, The Knauber Art Ability Test


Alma Jordan Knauber (1893-1975) designed this test to judge the artistic ability of students at junior and senior high schools, universities, and art schools. It actually requires that subjects draw sketches.

Knauber was born and raised in Ohio and obtained a teaching diploma in art at the University of Cincinnati in 1916. She also would get a B.S. and M.A. from Ohio State University. Her master’s thesis was on testing for art ability. She also published on testing the art ability of very young children in 1931, while teaching at the school of household administration of the University of Cincinnati. The Knauber Art Ability Test was published the next year.

Knauber also painted in both water colors and oils.


Gilbert Clark and Enid Zimmerman, “Inquiry about Art Ability and Talent: A Remembrance of Things Past, Theory into Practice,” Teaching the Arts, 1984, 23 #4, pp. 321-329.

P. P. Fell, “Tests of Taste,” College Art Journal, 1953, 12 #3, pp. 232-248.

Alma J. Knauber, “A Study of the Art Ability Found in Very Young Children,” Child Development, 1931, 2, pp. 66-71

Date Made: 1932

Maker: Knauber, Alma JordanCarnegie Corporation of New York

Location: Currently not on view

Subject: MathematicsPsychological Tests


See more items in: Medicine and Science: Mathematics, Science & Mathematics


Exhibition Location:

Credit Line: Gift of David Gold

Data Source: National Museum of American History

Id Number: 1989.0710.11Accession Number: 1989.0710Catalog Number: 1989.0710.11

Object Name: Psychological Test

Physical Description: paper (overall material)Measurements: overall: 21.5 cm x 28 cm; 8 15/32 in x 11 1/32 in


Record Id: nmah_692504

Our collection database is a work in progress. We may update this record based on further research and review. Learn more about our approach to sharing our collection online.

If you would like to know how you can use content on this page, see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use. If you need to request an image for publication or other use, please visit Rights and Reproductions.