In 1851, Hermann von Helmholtz, a German professor of physiology, devised an ophthalmoscope for examining the interior of an eye. This item is an example of the modification of that instrument developed by Richard Liebreich (1830-1917), a German ophthalmologist. An inscription in the lid of the box reads “OTTO & REYNDERS / SURGL. INSTS. / TRUSSES / 58 CHATHAM ST. N.Y.” Ferdinand Otto and John Reynders (fl. 1860-1875) made and sold surgical and medical instruments. In 1864 they moved from 58 Chatham St. to 64 Chatham St.

Date Made: 1860-1864

User: John King, M.D.Maker: Otto & Reynders

Location: Currently not on view

Place Made: United States: New York, New York City

Associated Subject: Ophthalmology


See more items in: Medicine and Science: Medicine, Health & Medicine


Exhibition Location:

Credit Line: Gift of Dr. Wm. M. Mundy (through John Uri Lloyd)

Data Source: National Museum of American History

Id Number: MG.M-02045Catalog Number: M-02045Accession Number: 83997

Object Name: OphthalmoscopeophthalmoscopeOther Terms: Ophthalmoscope; Medicine

Measurements: overall: 1 1/4 in x 7 3/8 in x 2 1/2 in; 3.175 cm x 18.7325 cm x 6.35 cm

Guid: http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a5-58ee-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa

Record Id: nmah_727937

Our collection database is a work in progress. We may update this record based on further research and review. Learn more about our approach to sharing our collection online.

If you would like to know how you can use content on this page, see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use. If you need to request an image for publication or other use, please visit Rights and Reproductions.