Rigged Model, Massachusetts Privateer Rhodes


Although the Salem, Massachusetts privateer Rhodes was less than 98 feet long, it had a crew of 90. Privateers needed large crews not only to intimidate their prey and hopefully make them surrender quickly, but also to overpower their enemies if a battle occurred. After a fight, the winner also needed to put a “prize” crew aboard to sail the captured vessel into port, where the ship and contents could be inventoried and sold. The auction proceeds were then distributed among the owners, the ship officers and the crew.

The three-masted ship Rhodes was sharply built for speed and heavily armed, with 20 cannon. Despite these features, it was captured on a cruise in the West Indies by H.M.S. ship Prothé in February 1782. It was taken back to England, where its hull shape was drawn on paper to document how it might have obtained its speed. The Royal Navy then purchased it and renamed it H.M.S. Barbadoes.

Date Made: 1962Privateer Captured: 1782-02

Where The Privateer Was Built: United States: Massachusetts, SalemWhere The Privateer Was Captured: West IndiesShip Taken, Purchased, And Renamed: United Kingdom: England

Related Event: Revolution and the New Nation


See more items in: Work and Industry: Maritime, Military, Transportation, On the Water exhibit

Exhibition: On the Water

Exhibition Location: National Museum of American History

Related Web Publication: http://americanhistory.si.edu/onthewater

Related Publication: On the Water online exhibition

Data Source: National Museum of American History

Id Number: TR.320667Catalog Number: 320667Accession Number: 245900

Object Name: ship modelmodel, riggedOther Terms: ship; Maritime

Physical Description: wood (overall material)textile (part: lines material)metal (part: fittings material)Measurements: overall: 28 in x 38 in x 14 in; 71.12 cm x 96.52 cm x 35.56 cm

Guid: http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a6-9235-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa

Record Id: nmah_844177

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