Surveyor's Compass


The “C. G. King Boston” inscription on this compass is that of Charles Gedney King (1808-1858), a mathematical instrument maker who apprenticed with his father, Gedney King, and traded under his own name after his father’s death in 1839. C. G. King showed his instruments at fairs sponsored by the Massachusetts Charitable Mechanics Association in the 1840s and 1850s, and took home several silver medals.

King also announced he "Is now manufacturing and has for sale the largest assortment of Mathematical, Nautical, Engineers, Surveyors and Drafting Instruments to be found in the city." Moreover, the engineers’ and surveyors’ instruments manufactured in the King establishment, "are divided upon a new Engine, made expressly for the purpose, the performance of which, for the accuracy of its division, cannot be surpassed, if equalled, by any Engine in the Country."

The rim of this example is graduated to 30 minutes. There are two level vials on the south arm.

Ref: "Evidence of the Enterprise," Rittenhouse 1 (1987): 90.

Date Made: 1840-1858

Maker: King, Charles Gedney

Location: Currently not on view

Place Made: United States: Massachusetts, Boston

See more items in: Medicine and Science: Physical Sciences, Surveying and Geodesy, Measuring & Mapping


Exhibition Location:

Related Publication: Rittenhouse

Data Source: National Museum of American History

Id Number: 1980.0696.01Accession Number: 1980.0696Catalog Number: 1980.0696.01

Object Name: Surveyor's Compass

Measurements: overall length: 15 5/8 in; 39.6875 cmneedle: 5 in; 12.7 cmoverall case: 4 5/16 in x 15 1/2 in x 7 1/2 in; 10.95375 cm x 39.37 cm x 19.05 cm


Record Id: nmah_997227

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