Women Teaching and Learning Mathematics in the United States -- Textbooks


In the first half of the nineteenth century, most American girls and boys in the northern states came to study elementary arithmetic in school, often under women teachers. Arithmetic had previously been taught largely to boys beginning careers in business, frequently by the same writing masters who taught them handwriting. Teaching devices that became common after about 1820 included inexpensive textbooks. Several textbooks that survive in the collections were signed by the girls who owned them.


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