U.S. Civil War Colored Troops Medal

U.S. Civil War Colored Troops Medal

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Description
During the American Civil War, Gen. Benjamin F. Butler so appreciated the heroic actions of African American soldiers under his command at the 1864 battles of Fort Harrison and Fort Gilmer that he commissioned a special medal for them. Designed by Anthony C. Paquet and realized in silver by Tiffany, the U.S. Colored Troops medal had no official status. After General Butler was relieved of his command in 1865, the 300 U.S. Colored Troops who had received the medals were forbidden to wear them on their uniforms.
Location
Currently not on view
Object Name
medal
commissioner
Butler, Benjamin Franklin
maker
Tiffany & Co.
Physical Description
cotton (overall material)
siver (overall material)
Measurements
overall: 53 cm x 3.8 cm; 20 7/8 in x 1 1/2 in
ID Number
1985.0612.01
catalog number
1985.0612.01
accession number
1985.0612
Credit Line
James Parton
Civil War
Battle of Fort Harrison
Battle of Fort Gilmer
See more items in
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
Cultures & Communities
Military
Coins, Currency and Medals
Data Source
National Museum of American History
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Comments

1) Why was General Butler relieved of his command in 1865. 2) Of the 300 U.S. Colored Troops who had received the medals ow many are still around. 3) Why were they forbidden to wear them on their uniforms. 4) Did Anthony C. Paquet ever design anything else? 5) What purpose did the metal serve and was it every recognized?

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