- The cartouche in the North Pacific reads “FITZ GLOBE / Manufactured / BY / GINN & HEATH / BOSTON. / 1879.” The base is marked “FITZ GLOBE. GINN & HEATH, MANFS BOSTON. Patented Jan. 19, 1875.” There are red and blue isothermal lines, and indications of ocean currents.
- Ellen Eliza Fitz (b. 1836), an American governess working in St. John County, New Brunswick, invented a terrestrial globe mount that illustrated the path of the sun and the various durations of day, night, and twilight around the globe and throughout the year. She obtained a patent (#158,581) in 1875, published a Handbook, and showed an example at the Centennial Exhibition held at Philadelphia in 1876. In 1882, now living in Somerville, Mass., Fitz obtained another patent (#263,886) for mounting globes that indicated the positions of stars above any horizon at any time of the year.
- Ginn & Heath, an educational publishing house in Boston, was in business from 1876 to 1886.
- Ref: Ellen E. Fitz, Handbook of the Terrestrial Globe; or, Guide to Fitz’s New Method of Mounting and Operating Globes (Boston, 1876, and later).
- D. J. Warner, “The Geography of Heaven and Earth,” Rittenhouse 2 (1988): 62.
- Currently not on view
- Object Name
- date made
- ca 1880
- Fitz, Ellen Eliza
- Ginn & Heath
- place made
- United States: Massachusetts, Boston
- associated place
- United States: New York, Hastings-on-Hudson
- Physical Description
- brass (overall material)
- paper (overall material)
- iron (overall material)
- average spatial: 31.4 cm; 12 3/8 in
- overall: 16 1/2 in x 13 in x 13 1/2 in; 41.91 cm x 33.02 cm x 34.29 cm
- ID Number
- catalog number
- accession number
- Data Source
- National Museum of American History
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