Surveyor’s Chain (Half Gunter)

Surveyor’s Chain (Half Gunter)

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Description
In the colonial period and throughout the nineteenth century, most American surveyors measured distances with chains. The favored form was the Gunter, introduced by the English mathematician, Edmund Gunter, in 1620. The standard Gunter chain has 100 links and measures 66 feet (or 4 poles) overall. Thus 80 chains equal a mile, and 10 square chains equal an acre. This example is a half-Gunter, with 50 links measuring 33 feet overall. It is one of several instruments that James Griswold used to lay out the New York and Erie Canal.
Location
Currently not on view
Object Name
Surveyor's Chain (Half-Gunter)
associated place
United States: Connecticut, Ridgefield
Physical Description
iron (overall material)
brass (overall material)
Measurements
overall: 10.06 m; 33 ft
overall; folded: 2 in x 10 in x 5 3/4 in; 5.08 cm x 25.4 cm x 14.605 cm
ID Number
PH.319344
accession number
236805
catalog number
319344
Credit Line
Preston R. Bassett
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Medicine and Science: Physical Sciences
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Natural Resources
Data Source
National Museum of American History
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Comments

I have one of these half Gunter chains. I inherited it from my father. Jim

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