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Established in 1822 by Pedro I, Emperor of Brazil, the National Order of the Southern Cross was given to foreign nationals “as a token of gratitude and recognition for those who have rendered significant service to the Brazilian nation." It consists of an enameled 5-pointed Maltese cross. The obverse has “REPUBLICA ESTADOS UNIDOS BRASIL.” The reverse has five stars and “BENEMENTIUM PRAEMIUS.” This example was given to Chevalier L. Jackson (1865-1958), inventor of the bronchoscope, probably in 1935. The simple blue ribbon indicates a Knight, or lowest level.
Currently not on view
Object Name
medal case
commemorative item
Associated Name
Jackson, Chevalier
Physical Description
leather (case material)
wood(?) (case material)
fabric, silk (overall material)
metal (overall material)
green (overall color)
white (overall color)
gold (case color)
enamel (medal material)
chartreuse (medal color)
blue, sky (overall color)
blue, royal (overall color)
blue, ice (overall color)
case: 2.7 cm x 6.6 cm x 12.6 cm; 1 1/16 in x 2 19/32 in x 4 31/32 in
medal: 1.1 cm x 11.8 cm x 4.3 cm; 7/16 in x 4 21/32 in x 1 11/16 in
ID Number
accession number
catalog number
Credit Line
Chevalier Jackson Collection, from Ms. Joan Bugby
See more items in
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Data Source
National Museum of American History
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