Xerox 914 Plain Paper Copier

Xerox 914 Plain Paper Copier

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Introduced in 1959, the Xerox 914 plain paper copier revolutionized the document-copying industry. The culmination of inventor Chester Carlson's work on the xerographic process, the 914 was fast and economical. One of the most successful Xerox products ever, a 914 model could make 100,000 copies per month. In 1985, the Smithsonian received this machine, number 517 off the assembly line. It weighs 648 pounds and measures 42" high x 46" wide x 45" deep.
Currently not on view
Object Name
Other Terms
copier; Sensitized Materials; Duplication; Still; Sheet
Date made
Haloid Xerox Corporation
average spatial: 79 cm x 17 cm x 14.5 cm; 31 1/8 in x 6 11/16 in x 5 11/16 in
overall: 42 in x 46 in x 45 in; 106.68 cm x 116.84 cm x 114.3 cm
overall: 54 in x 69 in x 60 in; 137.16 cm x 175.26 cm x 152.4 cm
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
catalog number
Credit Line
Xerox Corporation
See more items in
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Computers & Business Machines
Data Source
National Museum of American History
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Em 1969 ingressei na Xerox do Brasil - São Paulo- como representante técnico. Fui um dos fundadores da filial de Campinas -SP - Atuei lá como supervisor. Em 1972 fui transferido para o Rio de Janeiro para exercer a função de Instrutor Técnico, onde atuei por 4 anos. Em 1976 passei a exercer a função de coordenador na Engenharia de Campo. Uma das funções dentro da Eng. de Camp. era a coordenação técnica dos CopiCentro do estado de São Paulo. Encerrei as atividades em 1980. Estou com 82 anos e sinto muita saudades daquele tempo.
It was the thirth xerox machine I was trained on after rhe 3100 and the 660. I remembered that a big problem was the optical crash was. What a disaster you had by replacing the opticak cables in the good position. Leaving the machine and then having a paper jam in thefuser was also a triller. I am now 68 and think back at a pre- istorical time.
I worked at International Harvester in the Roseland area of Chicago, Il for Mr. E. Engebrigtsen as his secretary. The department, computer operations was new. He and I went to Xerox to make an ad about a new machine that could make copies. I started in August of 1959 and left in the summer of 1960. I would love to know what happened to those ads.
I have the first never used cleaning brush for the 914. Its all black and made with real rabbit fur before Xerox made them with a white bristle cleaning brush.
First copier I was trained on when I joined Rank Xerox (Xerox distributor in Commonwealth countries.) The 1000 used quartz lamp fusing instead of oven fusing. ( Same with the 660 from the earlier 813 desktop.) The product life was long. The 1000/720/914 lasted well into the 70s. Used 5 lbs of developer (silica beads) in a cascading developer tank. Partial replacement on a PM was 3.6lbs. Had a dipstick to measure level of toner in the toner hopper. 914 was actually the size of paper it could use (9"x14"). Similiarly 813 refers to 8"x13". Later it became 330 and 660 as copies per hour as the model number.
I started servicing the Xerox 914 in early 1971. It was a work horse and had very little problems if well maintained and used properly stored paper. If the customer allowed the paper to get damp or curl, then, as others have mention, if could rollup and catch in the fuser assembly and turn to char and smoke. The machine met the copy demands of some exacting engineering firms that had to have exact size for size copies - and would measure afterward down to faction of a millimeter. Several years later, a faster version was released called the 720 and a year after that the model 1000 - all based on the 914.
"I was the designated 'unjammer' at Cone Automatic Machine in the middle '60s. I recall it's propensity for catching fire, but not the warning (which I probably ignored anyway) not to open the doors for 30 minutes–or the fire extinguisher!"
"I would like to see the historical TV ad that introduced this machine -- it showed a little monkey sitting on the machine and making a photocopy to show us how easy it was. The minds of America were boggled -- we had never seen such a machine, but the monkey taught us not to be afraid!"
Very interested to see this machine as my first job in 1972 age 15 I was ent on a training course at Xerox in Euston Lodon to operate it in our general ofice. Ours was a Xerox 720 that was almost identical to the one shown. I do rember how slow it was and the fact we were told that if you get a paper jam leave the doors closed for 30 minutes otherwise the paper will catch fire insdie. I also remember it came with a fire extingusher. Ours was replaced in about 1974 by the xerox 7000 that had 5 redcution modes but was still the size of a fridge freezer!

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