1 Dollar Pattern, United States, 1879

1 Dollar Pattern, United States, 1879

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United States Mint, Philadelphia. Obverse: Young head of Liberty, facing right; date below. Reverse: Eagle, facing left; denomination below. The piece was designed by George T. Morgan, and, while no more successful than any of his other designs, stands in marked contrast to them. Because of the youthful appearance of the Liberty head, this pattern was dubbed the "Schoolgirl" dollar, perhaps as early as the 1890s. The pattern enjoys a rating of low Rarity-7 with perhaps a dozen known. Interestingly, the reverse design was resurrected nearly four decades later, placed on the quarter eagle commemorative coin struck for the Panama-Pacific Exposition.
[reference no. Judd 1608]
Currently not on view
Object Name
Date made
U.S. Mint. Philadelphia
place of issue
United States
Physical Description
silver (overall metal)
0 (overall die axis)
0 (overall die axis measurement)
struck (overall production method)
overall: 38.1 mm; 1 1/2 in
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
Credit Line
U.S. Department of the Treasury, U.S. Mint
See more items in
Work and Industry: National Numismatic Collection
Coins, Currency and Medals
Data Source
National Museum of American History
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This coin should be on permanent display. The morgan silver dollar is the most popular coin collected now by the American public. This coin was in contention with the current one that was actually made. This coin is very similar in the face, hair design, stars, and field. This coin would be of great interest to any of the majority of numismatists that would visit the Smithsonian. There is no other way to see the coin. There are only a handful out there. If it is not on view, we cannot see it come alive. A picture is not going to cut it. You should have an entire corner of the coin room just for Morgan and his coins. He was a long time employee of the mint - chief engraver - and he should be honored for creating such a work of art.

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