10 Dollars, Clark, Gruber & Co., United States, 1860

10 Dollars, Clark, Gruber & Co., United States, 1860

<< >>
Usage conditions apply
Austin Clark and his brother Milton joined forces with a merchant named Emanuel Gruber to create the most successful private coiner in Jefferson Territory (today's Colorado), Clark, Gruber & Co. The partners had enough resources among them to ensure that any mint they set up would have the best in modern machinery and metallurgy. While Milton Clark hurried back east to purchase dies and presses in New York and Philadelphia, Austin Clark and Emanuel Gruber stayed behind, purchasing three lots in Denver City and erecting a fine brick building for a fine new territorial mint.
Coining got under way in July 1860. The first pieces struck featured one of two designs. For quarter and half eagles, the designs of regular federal coinage were carefully copied: Liberty head on the obverse, eagle on the reverse. For the larger denominations, the eagle and double eagle, a radical departure was offered, at least for the obverse. An inaccurate representation of Pike's Peak graced that side, along with a description of the origin of the gold contained in the coins, and the name of the place where they were struck. This was the first Denver mint mark, and the most complete as well.
Currently not on view
Object Name
Date made
Clark, Gruber & Co.
place made
United States: Colorado, Denver
place of issue
United States: Colorado
Physical Description
gold (overall metal)
0 (overall die axis)
0 (overall die axis measurement)
struck (overall production method)
overall: 27.5 mm; x 1 1/16 in
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
Credit Line
Government Transfer: US DOTT, USM
See more items in
Work and Industry: National Numismatic Collection
Coins, Currency and Medals
Data Source
National Museum of American History
Nominate this object for photography.   

Our collection database is a work in progress. We may update this record based on further research and review. Learn more about our approach to sharing our collection online.

If you would like to know how you can use content on this page, see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use. If you need to request an image for publication or other use, please visit Rights and Reproductions.


Add a comment about this object