American Optical 4x5 Dry Plate Camera

American Optical 4x5 Dry Plate Camera

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Description
This American Optical Company camera was made by Scovill Manufacturing Company, New York, circa 1884. It is a wooden bellows 4 x 5” plate view camera for use on a camera stand or field tripod. Photographers used the wet-plate collodion process to prepare glass plates, inserting each into a plate holder before attaching to the camera back. Once the image was exposed through the lens to the glass plate, photographers needed to quickly develop and fix the photograph in the darkroom, readying for making paper prints.
From its invention in 1839, the camera has evolved to fit many needs, from aerial to underwater photography and everything in between. Cameras allow both amateur and professional photographers to capture the world around us. The Smithsonian’s historic camera collection includes rare and unique examples of equipment, and popular models, related to the history of the science, technology, and art of photography.
Object Name
camera, view
date made
1884
maker
American Optical Company
Physical Description
wood (overall material)
metal (overall material)
glass (overall material)
Measurements
overall: 17 cm x 16 cm x 25 cm; 6 11/16 in x 6 5/16 in x 9 13/16 in
ID Number
PG.004626A
accession number
183884
catalog number
4626A
Credit Line
Gift of James R. Burton
See more items in
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Photography
Artifact Walls exhibit
Data Source
National Museum of American History
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Comments

Re the 4x5 American Optical Co. camera: 1. Could dry plates be used in it? 2. Did it have a shutter or was it necessary to remove the lens to expose plates? Thanks.

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