Bimetallic Thermometer

Bimetallic Thermometer

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This is a circular thermometer with scale ranging from -45 to +155 degrees. It is marked "FAHRENHEIT" and "MANUFACTURED FOR / FAIRBANKS & CO. / BY THE / STANDARD THERMOMETER CO. / PEABODY, MASS." and "PATENTED 10 NOV. 1885." The back of the case is stamped "9361."
The Standard Thermometer Co. was established in Peabody in the mid-1880s and soon employing 21 workmen. It later became the Standard Thermometer & Electric Company. Roger Upton, a Harvard graduate, was president of the firm. Edgar W. Upton, who was also involved with the firm, was an inventor; among his patents was one (D16989) for the "Design for a Case for Mechanical Thermometers" (1886).
The date on the instrument refers to the thermometer patent (#330,161) that was issued to Thomas W. Shepherd of Peabody, Massachusetts, and assigned to Edgar W. Upton.
Ref.: "D. Hamilton Hurd, History of Essex County, Massacusetts," (Philadelphia, 1888), vol. 2, p. 1027.
Beverly, Danvers and Peabody: Their Representative Business Men and Points of Interest (New York, 1893), p. 4.
"Factory of the Standard Thermometer & Electric Company," Electrical World 33 (1899): 33.
Currently not on view
Object Name
Bimetallic thermometer
bimetallic thermometer
date made
late nineteenth century
Standard Thermometer Co.
place made
United States: Massachusetts, Peabody
overall: 9 5/16 in; 23.622 cm
overall: 2 in x 10 in; 5.08 cm x 25.4 cm
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
Credit Line
John William Christopher Draper and James Christopher Draper
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Data Source
National Museum of American History
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