- This incomplete radiosonde is of the type Pazel Moltchanoff introduced in 1930. Sensors for the measurement of temperature, pressure, and humidity were connected by linkages to arms that moved in response to changing meteorological conditions. The position of these arms was codified by a series of contacts that resembled four nested offset combs, which is why the radiosonde was known as the Kamm-geraet, or "comb-apparatus." The sensor arms could only contact one tooth of any one comb at a time. This contact enabled on-off keying of a radio signal, which corresponded to one of four Morse code letters (e, i, s, h) that were produced by a set of cams with 1, 2, 3, and 4 points that were spun by an external windmill. (A rising temperature produced the Morse signal e-i-s-h, and a falling temperature h-s-i-e.)
- J. L. Dubois, R. P. Multhauf, and C. A. Ziegler "The Invention and Development of the Radiosonde with A Catalog of Upper-Atmospheric Telemetering Probes in the National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution", p.33-38. (https://repository.si.edu/handle/10088/2453)
- K. O. Lange "Radio-meteorographs," The Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 16 (1935) p.267-271.
- Currently not on view
- Object Name
- overall: 13 in x 10 1/2 in x 2 5/8 in; 33.02 cm x 26.67 cm x 6.6675 cm
- overall; radiosonde: 13 in x 14 1/2 in x 10 in; 33.02 cm x 36.83 cm x 25.4 cm
- overall; cover: 10 1/8 in x 9 1/8 in x 2 5/8 in; 25.7175 cm x 23.14575 cm x 6.6675 cm
- ID Number
- catalog number
- accession number
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- Medicine and Science: Physical Sciences
- Data Source
- National Museum of American History
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