French Calendar Medal for 1878, Marked Cercles Catholiques d’Ouvriers

French Calendar Medal for 1878, Marked Cercles Catholiques d’Ouvriers

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Description
Inscribed on one side of this metal disc is a table listing the dates on which Sundays fall for the months in the year 1878. For example, the first column is headed SEP (/) DEC and the dates given in the column are 1, 8, 15, 22, and 29. An inscription above the table reads: CALENDRIER (/) POUR 1878. The table is entitled: DIMANCHES DE L’ANNÉE. The dates of various religious festivals are listed around the edge.
The other side has a table listing for each month, the number of days in it, the date (or dates) of new moon, and the date of full moon. An inscription atop the table reads: CERCLES CATHOLIQUES (/) D’OUVRIERS (/) HAVRE. Below the table is a listing of the dates of equinoxes and solstices. On the left side are given the golden number of the year (17) and the epact (XXVI). On the right side the dominical letter is listed as F and the Roman indiction 6.
The object came to the Smithsonian from the collection of Henry Russell Wray.
The Cercles Catholiques d’Ouvriers were organizations of French workers – funded largely by more prosperous entities – who sought to encourage religious practice among French workers from the 1870s into the early 1930s.
Reference:
Compare medals MA.316918.1 and MA.318918.2 to calendar medals with the numbers and 1901,1115.3 (Ackermann number 41) and 1958,1006.3062 (Ackermann number 42) in the British Museum. These are particularly similar to MA.316918.2. Full descriptions of the medals at the British Museum, and much related information, appear in Silke Ackermann, “Maths and Memory: Calendar Medals in the British Museum Part I,” The Medal, Autumn, 2004, vol. 45, esp. pp. 30-31.
Location
Currently not on view
Object Name
calendar medal
calendar token
calendar coin
calendar disc
date made
ca 1878
Associated Date
1878
place made
France: Normandie, Le Havre
Physical Description
brass (overall material)
Measurements
overall:.1 cm x 4 cm x 4 cm; 1/32 in x 1 9/16 in x 1 9/16 in
ID Number
MA.316918.1
catalog number
316918.1
accession number
228694
subject
Mathematics
Calendar
See more items in
Medicine and Science: Mathematics
Data Source
National Museum of American History
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