Calendar Medals Published by J. B. Hyde, Calendar for 1853

Calendar Medals Published by J. B. Hyde, Calendar for 1853

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Description
Four examples of the calendar medals published by J. B. Hyde of New York for the year 1853. The calendar for January through June in a table on one side of the disc and the calendar for July through December on the other side. The top part of each table contains a column listing the months, seven columns listing the days of the week (different arrangements of the letters S, M, T,W, T, F, S), and a column listing the numbers of days in the month. Below this is a table of the numbers from 1 to 31, arranged in numerical order in consecutive rows (the last four squares in the last row of the table have stars). Hence one can read, for example, that in January of 1853, a month with 31 days, the first fell on a Sunday and the 31st on a Monday.
The medals are marked identically. A mark at the top of the front reads: CALENDAR FOR (/) 1853 (/) ISSUED SEMI-ANNUALLY. A mark at the bottom of the front reads: J. B. HYDE 162 FULTON ST. N.Y. PUBLISHER. A mark at the top of the back reads: ENT : ACCOR : TO ACT OF CONGRESS IN (/) THE YEAR 1851 BY I. B. PERSON (/) 1853. A lower mark around the rim reads: IN THE CLK’S OFFICE OF THE DIST. COURT OF THE SOUTHERN DIST. OF NEW YORK
The dimensions given are for one calendar disc.
The objects came to the Smithsonian from the collection of Henry Russell Wray.
“Person’s pocket medal calendar for 1854,” as distributed by J. B. Hyde, was exhibited at the New York Exhibition of the Industry of All Nations, an international fair held in New York City in 1853 and 1854.
The publisher of the calendar is most probably the Connecticut-born patent advocate and inventor Joshua B. Hyde (1809-1887). After a few years studying at the American Military, Scientific, and Literary Academy in Norwich, Vermont, Hyde pursued business in Louisiana and in Europe before establishing an international agency for the sale of foreign inventions at 162 Fulton Street in New York City. He would remain in New York for the rest of his life.
References:
[Advertisement], Greenough’s American Polytechnic Journal, vol. 3, #1, January, 1854, p. 79.
American Institute of the City of New York, Transactions, 1853, p. 505.
William Arba Ellis, comp., Norwich University, 1819-1911, her History and Graduates, Her Roll of Honor, vol. 2, Montpelier, Vt: Capital City Press, 1911, esp. pp. 147-148.
New York Exhibition of the Industry of All Nations, Official catalogue of the New-York exhibition of the industry of all nations, New York: G. P. Putnam & Co., 1853, p. 91.
Location
Currently not on view
Object Name
calendar medals
calendar tokens
calendar coins
calendar discs
date made
ca 1852
maker
Hyde, Joshua Burrows
place made
United States: New York, New York City
Physical Description
brass (overall material)
Measurements
overall:.2 cm x 3.7 cm x 3.7 cm; 3/32 in x 1 15/32 in x 1 15/32 in
ID Number
MA.316922.2
catalog number
316922.2
accession number
228694
subject
Mathematics
Calendar
See more items in
Medicine and Science: Mathematics
Data Source
National Museum of American History
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