13 You Lose

13 You Lose

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Description (Brief)
[Section label] Who Pays for Education?
From the nation’s beginning, Americans have grappled with who gets educated and who pays for education. Both public and private schools have relied on a combination of public and private funding. Disparities in wealth and political influence have affected Americans’ ability to support schools. As a result, educational philanthropy has reflected inequalities in the American economy and society. Giving through contributions of time and money have both created opportunities for students and increased inequalities among them.
[Object label] Button, 1978
Property taxes are a critical funding source for American public schools. In 1978 California voters passed Proposition 13, significantly lowering property tax rates and thus reducing funds available for public education. The California Teachers Association sold this button for $5 at the 1978 National Education Association convention to oppose the proposition.
Object Name
Physical Description
metal (overall material)
ID Number
accession number
catalog number
Environmental Movement
See more items in
Medicine and Science: Biological Sciences
Environmental Buttons
Giving in America
Exhibition Location
National Museum of American History
Data Source
National Museum of American History
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