Puzzle, Megaminx

Puzzle, Megaminx

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This puzzle is in the shape of a regular dodecahedron, a twelve sided solid with each face a regular pentagon. The puzzle was known as the "Megaminx" or magic dodecahedron. It was distributed by the Japanese firm TOMY in 1982, for the puzzle maker Uwe Meffert.
Each pentagonal face of the Megaminx is divided into eleven pieces: a pentagon at the center, five rhombuses at the corners, and five trapezoids in the center of the edges. The faces are colored using two shades of blue, two shades of orange, two shades of green, two shades of purple and one shade of pink, yellow, brown, and white. The twisting mechanism for this puzzle differs from that of the Rubik’s Cube.
This puzzle was originally called a Pyraminx Dodecahedron. The Pyraminx is a variant on the Rubik’s Cube that was invented by Uwe Meffert and is shaped as a regular tetrahedron, a pyramid with four faces that are all equilateral triangles. Some of Meffert’s twisting puzzles are discussed in a 1982 article in Scientific American.
For more information about the Rubik’s Cube and other twisting puzzles that use the same or similar mechanisms see 1987.0805.01.
Douglas R. Hofstadter, “METAMAGICAL THEMAS: Beyond Rubik’s Cube: spheres, pyramids, dodecahedrons and God knows what else,” Scientific American, vol. 247, #1, July, 1982, pp. 16-31.
Currently not on view
Object Name
Date made
Physical Description
paper (overall material)
plastic (overall material)
metal (overall material)
overall: 8 cm x 8 cm x 8 cm; 3 1/8 in x 3 1/8 in x 3 1/8 in
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
Credit Line
Gift of Cecil Smith
Mathematical Recreations
See more items in
Medicine and Science: Mathematics
Science & Mathematics
Twisting Puzzles
Data Source
National Museum of American History
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Tomy never made a solution available for this puzzle like Ideal had for the Rubik's Cube. Most solutions books available in the early 1980's, covered Rubiks Cube and some of the other cubic puzzles available, but not for the Megaminx. Many of these puzzles went unsolved until the advent of the Internet in 1995.

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