Michael Eichman Figured and Fancy tied-beiderwand coverlet; Pennsylvania, 1850

Michael Eichman Figured and Fancy tied-beiderwand coverlet; Pennsylvania, 1850

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Description
Michael Eichman (1814-1883) wove this Figured and Fancy, red, white, blue, and green, tied-Beiderwand coverlet in Juniata County, Pennsylvania in 1850. The name of the weaver, Michael Eichman, and the location Juniata, Co. Penn., are woven into the two lower corners along with the date, 1850. The center field pattern is made up of “Double Lily and Starburst” carpet medallions, and the three borders feature “Rose Tree” motifs. The colors appear in stripes across the coverlet, a common design feature of Pennsylvania woven coverlets. There is no center seam indicating that Eichman was using a broadloom and possibly involved in small factory production. The coverlet measures 88 inches by 72 inches. There were several small woolen mills in Juniata County that could have employed Eichman as a fancy weaver. The coverlet was made for a member of the Phillip Crater family. It descended in the family of his son Joel, who was born in Pennsylvania, but by 1850 and according to the Federal Census, the family had moved to Illinois. In 1884 the family went to Missouri by covered wagon and the coverlet went with them. Michael Eichman was born in Hamburg in the German States, immigrating to Philadelphia in 1836, possibly working at one of the many textile factories in and around the city. He soon relocated to Freeburg, Snyder County. Family legend recorded that Eichman would carry his coverlets on his back and sell them on his way from Snyder County to Philadelphia. This was evidently a successful venture because he was able to purchase land in Cocolamus, Juniata County where he continued to weave and farm.
Location
Currently not on view
Object Name
Coverlet
coverlet, figured
Date made
1830
maker
Michael Eichman
place made
United States: Pennsylvania, Juniata county
Physical Description
wool, cotton (overall material)
Figured and Fancy; tied-Beiderwand (overall production method/technique)
red, white, blue, green (overall color)
Measurements
overall: 88 in x 72 in; 223.52 cm x 182.88 cm
ID Number
2002.0306.01
accession number
2002.0306
Credit Line
Gift of Elinor C. Simerly
See more items in
Cultural and Community Life: Textiles
Coverlets
Textiles
Data Source
National Museum of American History
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