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Hirtz Compass Localizing Device

Hirtz Compass Localizing Device

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Usage conditions apply
Instrument designed for locating bullets and other foreign material in bodies. An inscription on the lid of the box reads “ETABLISSEMENTS GAIFFE / COMPASS DE MR LE MEDECIN PRINCIPAL HIRTZ / POUR LA RECHERCHE DES PROJECTILES.” The form was invented in 1907 by E. J. Hirtz, a French medical officer and head of physiotherapy at a military hospital, and widely used during World War I. Ladislas Adolphe Gaiffe (1832-1887) was an important electrical instrument maker in Paris who began in business in 1856. He was succeeded by his son, G. Gaiffe. By the 1920, the firm was trading as Etablissements Gaiffe-Gallot & Pilon.
Ref: L. Ombrédanne and R. Ledoux-Lebard, Localization and Extraction of Projectiles (London, 1918), p. 214.
Currently not on view
Object Name
localization apparatus, x-ray
Gaiffe, Ladislas Adolphe
overall: 3 1/2 in x 17 in x 8 3/4 in; 8.89 cm x 43.18 cm x 22.225 cm
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
See more items in
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Data Source
National Museum of American History
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