Meissen teapot and cover
Meissen teapot and cover
- TITLE: Meissen teapot and cover
- MAKER: Meissen Manufactory
- PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: ceramic, porcelain (overall material)
- MEASUREMENTS: H. 4" 10.2cm
- OBJECT NAME: Teapot
- PLACE MADE: Meissen, Saxony, Germany
- DATE MADE: 1735-1740
- SUBJECT: Art
- Domestic Furnishing
- Industry and Manufacturing
- CREDIT LINE: Hans C. Syz Collection
- ID NUMBER: 1983.0565.13 ab
- COLLECTOR/ DONOR: 231 ab
- ACCESSION NUMBER:
- (DATA SOURCE: National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center)
- MARKS: Crossed swords in underglaze blue; five-pointed star incised (former’s mark?); “O” in overglaze red and gold.
- PURCHASED FROM: Minerva Antiques, New York, 1943.
- This teapot is from the Smithsonian’s Hans Syz Collection of Meissen Porcelain. Dr. Syz (1894-1991) began his collection in the early years of World War II, when he purchased eighteenth-century Meissen table wares from the Art Exchange run by the New York dealer Adolf Beckhardt (1889-1962). Dr. Syz, a Swiss immigrant to the United States, collected Meissen porcelain while engaged in a professional career in psychiatry and the research of human behavior. He believed that cultural artifacts have an important role to play in enhancing our awareness and understanding of human creativity and its communication among peoples. His collection grew to represent this conviction.
- The invention of Meissen porcelain, declared over three hundred years ago early in 1709, was a collective achievement that represents an early modern precursor to industrial chemistry and materials science. The porcelains we see in our museum collections, made in the small town of Meissen in the German States, were the result of an intense period of empirical research. Generally associated with artistic achievement of a high order, Meissen porcelain was also a technological achievement in the development of inorganic, non-metallic materials.
- The teapot is painted in underglaze blue and onglaze enamels with birds in flight over flowering tree peonies and rice straw fences in the Japanese Kakiemon style. The rim of the teapot is encircled with a patterned border in iron-red. The Meissen Manufactory often included gold decoration on items in the Kakiemon style, which was uncommon in the Japanese originals.
- Kakiemon is the name given to very white (nigoshida meaning milky-white) finely potted Japanese porcelain made in the Nangawara Valley near the town of Arita in the North-West of the island of Kyushu. The porcelain bears a characteristic style of enamel painting using a palette of translucent colors painted with refined assymetric designs attributed to a family of painters with the name Kakiemon. In the 1650s, when Chinese porcelain was in short supply due to civil unrest following the fall of the Ming Dynasty to the Manchu in 1644, Arita porcelain was at first exported to Europe through the Dutch East India Company’s base on Deshima (or Dejima) in the Bay of Nagasaki. The Japanese traded Arita porcelain only with Chinese, Korean, and Dutch merchants through the island of Dejima, and the Chinese resold Japanese porcelain to the Dutch in Batavia (present day Jakarta), to the English and French at the port of Canton (present day Guangzhou) and Amoy (present day Xiamen). Augustus II, Elector of Saxony and King of Poland, obtained Japanese porcelain through his agents operating in Amsterdam who purchased items from Dutch merchants, and from a Dutch dealer in Dresden, Elizabeth Bassetouche.
- For a detailed account of the Kakiemon style and its European imitators see Ayers, J., Impey, O., Mallet, J.V.G., 1990, Porcelain for Palaces: the fashion for Japan in Europe 1650-1750; see also Impey, O., Jörg, J. A., Mason, C., 2009, Dragons, Tigers and Bamboo: Japanese Porcelain and its Impact in Europe, the Macdonald Collection; Takeshi Nagataki, 2003, Classic Japanese Porcelain: Imari and Kakiemon.
- On the impact of Chinese ceramics worldwide aee Finley, R., 2010, The Pilgrim Art: Cultures of Porcelain in World History.
- Jefferson Miller II, J., Rückert, R., Syz, H., 1979, Catalogue of the Hans Syz Collection: Meissen Porcelain and Hausmalerei, pp. 158-159.
- Currently not on view
- Object Name
- date made
- ca 1735-1740
- Meissen Manufactory
- place made
- Germany: Saxony, Meissen
- Physical Description
- hard-paste porcelain (overall material)
- polychrome enamels and gold (overall color)
- Kakiemon (overall style)
- blue (overall color)
- overall: 4 in; 10.16 cm
- overall: 3 7/8 in x 6 7/8 in x 3 7/8 in; 9.8425 cm x 17.4625 cm x 9.8425 cm
- ID Number
- catalog number
- accession number
- catalog number
- See more items in
- Home and Community Life: Ceramics and Glass
- The Hans C. Syz Collection
- Meissen Porcelain: The Hans Syz Collection
- Domestic Furnishings
- Data Source
- National Museum of American History
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