TOPOGRAPHICAL Map OF THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA SURVEYED IN THE YEARS 1856 ’57 ’58 & ’59 BY A. BOSCHKE.
TOPOGRAPHICAL / Map / OF THE / DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA / SURVEYED / IN THE YEARS 1856 ’57 ’58 & ’59 / BY / A. BOSCHKE.
- Albert Boschke (b. 1823) was a German-born civil engineer who served as a draftsman for the U.S. Coast Survey. Realizing that there was no modern map of the District of Columbia, he organized a team of surveyors to rectify this situation. Boschke’s first map of the area, done on his own time and with his own funds, was published in 1857.
- An improved map was in the hands of the printer in 1861 when the Civil War broke out and Boschke was stationed in Boston. Fearing an attack by Confederate forces, the U.S. Army seized the copper plates and printed maps from the printers, and eventually paid them about $8,500 for this material. Many years later, living in California and in need of money, Boschke asked Congress to pay $25,000 for his property. Although Congress granted his petition, the money did not appear. Boschke sued the government but to no avail.
- This is a reduced version of the Boschke map, with “COUNTY ROADS AS CORRECTED TO 1880.” We have not determined who published it.
- Ref: Marcus Baker, “Surveys and Maps of the District of Columbia,” National Geographic 6 (November 1, 1894): 149-178, on 156-158.
- Wilhemus Bogart Bryan, Bibliography of the District of Columbia (Washington, D.C., 1900), p. 121.
- “A. Boschke v. the United States,” in Cases Decided in the Court of Claims of the United States 44 (1910): 397-408.
- Currently not on view
- Object Name
- Physical Description
- paper (overall material)
- overall: 19 in x 22 in; 48.26 cm x 55.88 cm
- ID Number
- accession number
- catalog number
- Credit Line
- National Archives and Records Service
- Civil War
- See more items in
- Medicine and Science: Physical Sciences
- Measuring & Mapping
- Prints from the Physical Sciences Collection
- Data Source
- National Museum of American History
Our collection database is a work in progress. We may update this record based on further research and review. Learn more about our approach to sharing our collection online.