Our museum is temporarily closed to support the effort to contain the spread of COVID-19. Read a message from our director, and check our website and social media for updates.

Raoul Cortez's Underwood Typewriter

Raoul Cortez's Underwood Typewriter

Usage conditions apply
Downloads
Description
Raoul A. Cortez, journalist and broadcasting pioneer, got his start in Spanish-language media behind this typewriter. Cortez worked as a reporter for the Spanish-language newspaper, La Prensa, in San Antonio, Texas in the 1930s and 1940s. Writing news stories and opinion pieces, he advocated for the civil rights of Mexican Americans and in particular for the rights of Braceros and the desegregation of Texas schools. Cortez served twice as the president of the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) in the late 1940s.
Cortez moved from print journalism to broadcasting after World War II by opening the first Latino-owned, Spanish-language radio station in the continental United States in 1946. The radio station, and later television station, carried his name in the call letters, KCOR.
The Underwood Typewriter Company produced the Champion model from 1932-1949. The keyboard on this model included an inverted question mark and exclamation point ensuring that users, such as Cortez, could create stories in Spanish.
Object Name
typewriter
date made
about 1937
1932-19
1932-1949
Associated Date
1937-1961
maker
Underwood Elliot Fisher Company
place made
United States
Physical Description
metal; rubber (overall material)
Measurements
overall: 6 1/4 in x 12 1/4 in x 11 1/4 in; 15.875 cm x 31.115 cm x 28.575 cm
ID Number
2014.0320.01
catalog number
2014.0320.01
accession number
2014.0320
Credit Line
Gift of Emilio and Irma Nicolas
subject
Journalism
Latino
See more items in
Work and Industry: Production and Manufacturing
Work
KCOR Radio and Television
Exhibition
American Enterprise
Exhibition Location
National Museum of American History
Data Source
National Museum of American History
Nominate this object for photography.   

Our collection database is a work in progress. We may update this record based on further research and review. Learn more about our approach to sharing our collection online.

If you would like to know how you can use content on this page, see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use. If you need to request an image for publication or other use, please visit Rights and Reproductions.

Comments

Add a comment about this object