Wrist cuffs worn by a member of the Kilgore Rangerettes, 2013

Wrist cuffs worn by a member of the Kilgore Rangerettes, 2013

Description (Brief)
Wide white leather wrist cuffs with a decorative silver medallion with a white rawhide lace attached to the front. This was part of the uniform worn by a member of the Kilgore Rangerettes from Kilgore College in Kilgore, Texas in 2013. The Kilgore Rangerettes were created by Gussie Nell Davis in 1939 and debuted on September 12, 1940 as the halftime show during the football games. This was Kilgore's solution to encourage female enrollment and keep fans in the stands during halftime. The Rangerettes became the first dance team to perform at halftime shows and havesince performed in 65 consecutive CottonBowl games and make regular appearances at Dallas Cowboy games.
Pep squads were prevalent at high schools and colleges throughout the United States in the early 1900s but it was not until Gussie Nell Davis created the Flaming Flashes that the precision drill team really took hold. Just like pep squads, drill teams were created to promote school spirit and entertain the school and community but drill teams went a step further thanks to Davis’ insight. Seeing the need for girls to build self-confidence and a stronger self-esteem, Davis began teaching dance steps and twirling routines. This not only improved the girl’s physical coordination, it also provided a sense of belonging and community that was lacking, as most team sports were not available to girls. Drill teams are seen primarily in high schools and colleges and perform dance routines in unison, often set to pre-recorded or live music at games or other community events. They differ from cheerleading as they do not cheer or perform jumps and other more athletic stunts. Until Title IX, these precision drill team squads were among the few physical activities available at the high school and collegiate levels that provided opportunities for women.
Location
Currently not on view
date made
2013
user
Kilgore Rangerettes
Physical Description
leather (overall material)
metal (overall material)
Measurements
overall: 7 1/4 in x 3 3/4 in x 2 1/2 in; 18.415 cm x 9.525 cm x 6.35 cm
ID Number
2014.0257.10
accession number
2014.0257
catalog number
2014.0257.10
subject
Sports
Halftime Entertainment
Dance
Women
Football
College
Professional
See more items in
Cultural and Community Life: Sport and Leisure
Data Source
National Museum of American History