Gyroscope

Gyroscope

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Description
This counterpoised gyroscope with a 5.5-inch wheel was in the instrument collection of the Smithsonian, and probably purchased by Joseph Henry, the first Secretary of the Institution. Friedrich Fessel, an instrument maker in Cologne, devised the form in the early 1850s. Julius Plücker (1801-1868), a professor of physics at Bonn, published an account in 1853. Examples were shown in London in 1854.
Ref: Plücker, “Ueber die Fessel’sche rotationsmaschine,” Annalen der physik und chemie 178 (1853): 174-177.
“Fessel’s Gyroscope,” Scientific American (Jan. 13, 1855): 138, from London Artisan.
Location
Currently not on view
Object Name
gyroscope
Measurements
overall: 5 1/2 in; 13.97 cm
overall: 23 in x 10 1/2 in x 3 1/4 in; 58.42 cm x 26.67 cm x 8.255 cm
ID Number
PH.315172
catalog number
315172
accession number
219145
subject
Science & Scientific Instruments
See more items in
Medicine and Science: Physical Sciences
Data Source
National Museum of American History
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