John Scott Medal

John Scott Medal

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John Scott—described by historians as “a biographer’s nightmare”—was a pharmacist in Edinburgh who probably never set foot in the New World. In 1813, however, he revised his will to include funds for the John Scott Legacy Medal and Premium, to be presented by the city of Philadelphia to men and women whose inventions improved the "comfort, welfare, and happiness of human kind" in a significant way. The first Scott medal was awarded in 1822
This is the medal that Leo Baekeland received in 1910. The inscription on the obverse reads: “AWARDED BY THE CITY OF PHILADELPHIA.” That on the reverse reads: THE JOHN SCOTT MEDAL – TO THE MOST DESERVING” and “TO / LEO H. BAEKELAND / for his / INVENTION OF BAKELITE / on the recommendation of the / FRANKLIN / INSTITUTE / 1910.”
Currently not on view
Object Name
John Scott Medal
date made
Physical Description
bronze (overall material)
overall: 1 cm x 10.2 cm; 13/32 in x 4 1/32 in
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
Credit Line
Gift of Mrs. William Karraker
See more items in
Medicine and Science: Chemistry
Data Source
National Museum of American History
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