50 Dollars, National Bank Note, United States, 1864

50 Dollars, National Bank Note, United States, 1864

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Description (Brief)
One (1) 50 dollar note
United States, 1864
Obverse Image: At left, George Washington crossing the Delaware river. At right, Washington at prayer with allegorical figures above.
Obverse Text: NATIONAL CURRENCY / THIS NOTE IS SECURED BY BONDS OF THE UNITED STATES DEPOSITED WITH THE U.S. TREASURER AT WASHINGTON. / BOSTON, MASS. / OCT. 6TH 1864. / THE NORTH NATIONAL BANK OF BOSTON WILL PAY TO BEARER FIFTY DOLLARS ON DEMAND / MASSACHUSETTS. / REGISTER OF THE TREASURY / TREASURER OF THE UNITED STATES / 10581 / AMERICAN BANK NOTE CO. N.Y. / 50
Reverse Image: The embarkation of the pilgrims.
Reverse Text: 50 / L / NATIONAL CURRENCY / EMBARKATION OF THE PILGRIMS / US / THIS NOTE IS RECEIVABLE AT PAR IN ALL PARTS OF THE UNITED STATES, IN PAYMENT OF ALL TAXES AS EXCISES AND ALL OTHER DUES TO THE UNITED STATES EXCEPT DUTIES ON IMPORTS, AND ALSO FOR ALL SALARIES AND OTHER DEBTS AND DEMANDS OWING BY THE UNITED STATES TO INDIVIDUALS, CORPORATIONS & ASSOCIATIONS WITHIN THE UNITED STATES, EXCEPT INTEREST ON PUBLIC DEBT. / COUNTERFEITING OR ALTERING THIS NOTE, OR PASSING ANY COUNTERFEIT OR ALTERATION OF IT, OR HAVING IN POSSESSION ANY FALSE OR COUNTERFEIT PLATE OR IMPRESSION OF IT, OR ANY PAPER MADE IN IMITATION OF THE PAPER ON WHICH IT IS PRINTED, IS FELONY, AND IS PUNISHABLE BY $1,000 FINE OR 15 YEARS IMPRISONMENT AT HARD LABOR OR BOTH.
Description
In 1863 the U.S. issued its first national notes and decided to feature historically themed paintings from the Capitol Rotunda on the reverse. The paintings were shrunk from their original size of twelve by eight feet to a mere four-and-a-half by two-and-a-half inches, but maintained the detail and quality of the paintings. This decision converted national treasures into national currency.
Robert Weir completed Embarkation of the Pilgrims in 1843. The painting depicts the Pilgrims departing Holland in 1620 in search of religious freedom in America. The painting conveys the solemnity of the travelers at the beginning of their journey. Weir’s painting is replicated on the reverse of the first fifty dollar national note.
Location
Currently not on view
Object Name
note
date made
1864
issuing bank
North National Bank of Boston
maker
American Bank Note Company
place made
United States
place issued
United States: Massachusetts, Boston
Physical Description
paper (overall material)
Measurements
overall: 7.75 cm x 17.8 cm x.01 cm; 3 1/16 in x 7 in x in
ID Number
NU.78.5.328
serial number
10581
accession number
1978.0941
catalog number
78.5.328
Credit Line
U.S. Department of the Treasury
subject
Pilgrims
See more items in
Work and Industry: National Numismatic Collection
National Bank Notes
Data Source
National Museum of American History
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