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A nitrometer determines the amount of nitrogen in a substance. Walter Crum, a practical chemist in Glasgow, published an account of the nitrogen reaction in 1847. George Lunge, a German chemist working in Zurich, described a practical nitrometer in 1878.
Ref: Walter Crum, “On a Method for the Analysis of Bodies containing Nitric Acid, and its application to Explosive Cotton,” Philosophical Magazine 30 (1847): 426-431.
W. C. Cope and J. Barab, “Application of the Nitrometer for the Determination of Constitution and Estimation of Nitrogen in a Class of Nitrocompounds (Nitroamines),” Journal of the American Chemical Society 38 (1916): 2552-2558.
Currently not on view
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Associated Place
United States: New Jersey
overall: 628 mm x 115 mm x 20 mm; 24 3/4 in x 4 1/2 in x 13/16 in
overall: 24 3/4 in x 4 5/8 in x 1 7/8 in; 62.865 cm x 11.7475 cm x 4.7625 cm
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Gift of University of Pennsylvania Chemistry Lab
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Medicine and Science: Chemistry
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National Museum of American History
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