Woulff Bottle

Woulff Bottle

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A Woulff bottle is a vessel with two (or sometimes three) outlets. Peter Woulff (1727-1803), a chemist of apparently Irish descent, described the form in 1767. References to Woulff (or Woulfe) bottles have appeared in technical literature since the early nineteenth century.
Ref: Peter Woulff, “Experiments on the Distillation of Acids, Volatile Alkalies, &c.,” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London (1767), p. 517.
“Woulff's Apparatus” in A. & C. R. Aikin, A Dictionary of Chemistry and Mineralogy (London, 1807), vol. 2, pp. 541-542.
John Joseph Griffin, Chemical Recreations (Glasgow, 1834), pp. 45-46.
Currently not on view
Object Name
woulff bottle
Associated Place
United States: New Jersey
Physical Description
glass (overall material)
overall: 17.2 cm x 8.3 cm; 6 3/4 in x 3 1/4 in
overall: 6 11/16 in x 3 7/8 in; 16.98625 cm x 9.8425 cm
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
Credit Line
Transfer from Department of Defense, U.S. Military Academy
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Medicine and Science: Chemistry
Science & Mathematics
Artifact Walls exhibit
Data Source
National Museum of American History
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