Cailletet's Apparatus for Liquification of Gas

Cailletet's Apparatus for Liquification of Gas

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Louis Paul Cailletet (1832-1913), director of the chemistry laboratory at the École Normale Supérieure in Paris, succeeded in liquifying oxygen in 1877, and this achievement was widely reported in the scientific press. Soon thereafter, the Paris instrument maker, Eugene Ducretet, began producing Cailletet apparatus suitable for student use. This example was used at Amherst College. The inscription on the manometer dial reads "E. DUCRETET & CIE PARIS,"
Ref: “DeCaillete’s Apparatus,” Nature 18 (1878): 46-47
“Liquifaction of Gases—Cailletet’s Apparatus,” Scientific American (Feb. 23, 1878): 111-112.
Faidra Papenelopoulou, “Louis Paul Cailletet: The Liquefaction of Oxygen and the Emergence of Low Temperature Research,” Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London 67 (2013): 355-373.
Currently not on view
Object Name
Cailletet's Apparatus for Liquification of Gas
apparatus, gas liquification
Cailletet, Louis Paul
E. Ducretet & Cie
place made
France: Île-de-France, Paris
Associated Place
United States: New Jersey
overall: 132 cm x 58.5 cm; 51 15/16 in x 23 1/16 in
[ill.] base: 42 cm x 25.4 cm x 28 cm; 16 9/16 in x 10 in x 11 in
overall: 50 in x 38 in x 26 in; 127 cm x 96.52 cm x 66.04 cm
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
Credit Line
Gift of Amherst College Department of Physics
See more items in
Medicine and Science: Chemistry
Data Source
National Museum of American History
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