Celluloid Billiard Ball

Celluloid Billiard Ball

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This billiard ball, a gift of the Celanese Corporation, is made of cellulose nitrate, a substance eventually known as "celluloid." John Wesley Hyatt, a printer, was encouraged to develop the new substance when he saw an ad offering $10,000 to the person who invented a usable substitute for ivory in billiard balls. Though Hyatt eventually achieved success with his new material, forming the Celluloid Manufacturing Co. in 1871, it seems he never received the $10,000 award.
The ball is mounted on a walnut stand and has a silver label stating, "Made in 1868 of Cellulose Nitrate, Celluloid. The Year John Wesley Hyatt Discovered This First Plastics Resin."
Object Name
billiard ball
Celluloid Billiard Ball
Date made
Hyatt, John Wesley
Hyatt, John Wesley
Associated Place
United States: New Jersey
Physical Description
plastic, resin, celluloid (overall material)
wood, walnut (overall material)
wood; celluloid; silver plated metal (overall material)
overall: 13 cm x 14 cm x 9 cm; 5 1/8 in x 5 1/2 in x 3 9/16 in
base: 75 mm x 34 mm; x 2 15/16 in x 1 5/16 in
billiard ball: 57 mm; x 2 1/4 in
overall: 5 1/8 in x 5 1/2 in x 3 1/2 in; 13.0175 cm x 13.97 cm x 8.89 cm
ID Number
accession number
catalog number
Credit Line
Gift of Celanese Plastic Company
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Data Source
National Museum of American History
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