Sacred to the Memory of Poor Trust ...

Sacred to the Memory of Poor Trust ...

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Description
This print depicts a monument “Sacred to the Memory of Poor Trust, Who nobly fought but unfortunately Fell on the Island of Deception under the command of General Bad Pay.” This proverb was frequently hung in taverns that refused customers to pay using “trust,” or credit, since too many had not paid back their debts. On the sides of the stone monument stand a Union soldier and sailor, who comment respectively, “I think I’ll take the Bounty, and “Yes, I’ll go on Board.” During the war, bounties were cash bonuses paid to Union soldiers who voluntarily enlisted in the Union Army. While the Confederacy also established a bounty system, the extremely low value of Confederate currency made it much less of an incentive to Southern volunteers. The federal government paid a bounty of $100 to those who enlisted for three years in July of 1861, and after the Enrollment Act of 1863, this increased to $300 for three-year recruits and $400 for those who enlisted for five years. $100 during the war had the same buying power as about $2,700 today, which provided enough incentive for soldiers to enlist. Even with the bounty, however, pay in the Union Army was still usually less than average yearly incomes. This often placed hardship on families back home, whose primary financial support was off at war. The “Bad Pay” criticized in the print may refer to the lateness with which soldiers received their wages, as paymasters could not keep up with the constantly moving Union regiments.
This print was produced by the Hartford, Connecticut lithographic firm of E.B. & E.C. Kellogg. Edmund Burke Kellogg and Elijah Chapman Kellogg were younger brothers of the founder of the Kellogg lithography firm, Daniel Wright Kellogg. After Daniel Wright Kellogg moved west, his two brothers took over the family lithography firm in 1840 and changed the name to E.B. & E.C. Kellogg. They were responsible for the continued success of the family firm and involved in partnerships with Horace Thayer in 1845/1846, John Chenevard Comstock in 1848 and William Henry Bulkeley in 1867. Throughout the mid-19th century, the Kelloggs produced personalized lithographic memorials that family members could display as tributes to their deceased loved ones. This print is acts as a light-hearted spoof of this solemn subject matter.
Location
Currently not on view
Object Name
Lithograph
Object Type
Lithograph
Date made
ca. 1863
date made
ca 1863
maker
Kellogg & Bulkeley
place made
United States: Connecticut, Hartford
Physical Description
paper (overall material)
ink (overall material)
Measurements
image: 15 1/4 in x 10 3/4 in; 38.735 cm x 27.305 cm
overall: 16 in x 11 1/2 in; 40.64 cm x 29.21 cm
ID Number
DL.60.2361
catalog number
60.2361
accession number
228146
Credit Line
Harry T. Peters "America on Stone" Lithography Collection
subject
Patriotism and Patriotic Symbols
Economy
Uniforms, Military
Civil War
Flags
Civil War
See more items in
Cultural and Community Life: Domestic Life
Domestic Furnishings
Art
American Civil War Prints
Data Source
National Museum of American History
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