Appomattox Court House, Va

Appomattox Court House, Va

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Description
This print depicts a scene of Union soldiers trading goods with their former Confederate adversaries in the village of Appomattox Court House, where Robert E. Lee surrendered the Army of Northern Virginia to General Grant. Captured Confederate cannons and ammunition are visible behind the soldiers. The print also contains four corner vignettes, which show a view of the Appomattox Court House in the upper left; a view of the McLean house, where Grant and Lee met to discuss the terms of surrender, in the upper right; a scene in which soldiers cut apart the apple tree under which Grant and Lee were reported to have held an initial interview in the lower right (this meeting never actually took place); and an illustration of the crossing of the Linchburg and Danville Railroads near Burksville Station in the lower left.
Elbridge Wesley Webber (1839-1914) was born in Gardiner, Maine, and served during the Civil War in the 16th Maine Volunteer Infantry Regiment. He was present at Lee’s surrender at Appomattox Courthouse, and the design of this print comes from a sketch he made of the village. After the war, he settled in Boston, paintings seascapes and scenes of sailing ships.
This print was published by the lithographer James H. Bufford. The son of a sign painter and gilder, Bufford trained with Pendleton's Lithography in Boston, 1829-1831. He worked in New York with George Endicott and Nathaniel Currier (1835-1839) before returning to Boston where he had a good reputation for printing and publishing popular framing prints, commercial work, labels, and trade cards. The company went through several iterations and name changes until about 1865. He became the chief artist for Benjamin Thayer until buying out the firm to found J. H. Bufford & Co. (1844-1851). He continued to work in the lithography and publishing business for the remainder of his life. In 1865, his sons Frank and Henry John became partners in Bufford & Sons or J.H. Bufford’s Sons Litho. Co. After his death they continued the family business as Bufford Brothers and as Bufford Sons Engraving & Lithographing Company until 1911.
Location
Currently not on view
Object Name
Lithograph
Object Type
Lithograph
Date made
1865
maker
J. H. Bufford and Sons
artist
Webber, W.
place made
United States: Massachusetts, Boston
depicted
United States: Virginia, Appomattox
Measurements
image: 16 in x 26 1/2 in; 40.64 cm x 67.31 cm
overall: 19 1/2 in x 29 in; 49.53 cm x 73.66 cm
ID Number
DL.60.2612
catalog number
60.2612
accession number
228146
Credit Line
Harry T. Peters "America on Stone" Lithography Collection
subject
Horses
Civil War
Architecture, Domestic Buildings
Uniforms, Military
Civil War
Surrender by General Lee
See more items in
Home and Community Life: Domestic Life
American Civil War Prints
Art
Domestic Furnishings
Data Source
National Museum of American History
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