Proclamation of Emancipation

Proclamation of Emancipation

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Description
On January 1, 1863, Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, which freed all slaves living in areas of the nation under rebellion. This freedom ultimately relied on a Northern military victory and the Proclamation did not affect the millions of slaves living in the Border States that had not seceded. It did, however, recognize the abolition of American slavery as a stated objective of the war and allowed Africa-American men to serve as soldiers in the Union Army. This calligraphic portrait of Lincoln is composed from the words of the Proclamation arranged in an oval. Bolded words from the document form the features of the President’s visage. After Lincoln’s assassination, calligraphic portraits such as this one and other works containing reference to the proclamation were in high demand. This 1865 portrait was designed by Augustus Hageboeck and William H. Pratt. Hageboeck, probably a German immigrant, operated a lithographic shop with his brother in Davenport, Iowa, where they specialized in panoramic views of Midwest cities. W. H. Pratt was born in Massachusetts in 1822, but in 1857, moved with his family to Davenport, Iowa. He headed the Davenport Commercial College, where he taught penmanship, a skill he demonstrated in his execution of this work. In 1867, he helped organize the Davenport Academy of Natural Sciences, often including his own engravings in his scientific publications.

To view the original text of the Emancipation Proclamation Click Here.

Location
Currently not on view
Object Name
Lithograph
Object Type
Lithograph
Date made
1865
depicted
Lincoln, Abraham
maker
Hageboeck, A
Pratt, W. H.
place made
United States: Iowa, Davenport
Physical Description
paper (overall material)
ink (overall material)
Measurements
image: 12 1/4 in x 9 in; 31.115 cm x 22.86 cm
ID Number
DL.60.2624
catalog number
60.2624
accession number
228146
Credit Line
Harry T. Peters "America on Stone" Lithography Collection
subject
Communication, letter writing
Chronology: 1860-1869
Reform Movements
Blacks
Civil War
Civil War
See more items in
Cultural and Community Life: Domestic Life
Domestic Furnishings
Art
American Civil War Prints
Data Source
National Museum of American History
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