Temperance, but No Maine-Law by Augustus Fay

Temperance, but No Maine-Law by Augustus Fay

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Description
Black and white print of the lavishly decorated “Gem Saloon,” known for containing the city's largest mirror. The top of the mirrorfeatures a large eagle. The “Gem Saloon” was located in a hotel on the corner of Broadway and Anthony (now Worth Street) in New York City. Mayor Fernando Wood and eleven male politicians and businessmen are depicted drinking and conversing along with two bartenders and a dog. The title refers to the debate that was raging over the regulation of alcohol and a temperance movement that was launched in 1850 by the mayor of Portland, Maine in 1850. The Maine state bill forbid all alcoholic purchases except for "medicinal, mechanical or manufacturing purposes", resulting in an increase of alcoholic “quackery” medicines. Several other cities and states followed Maine’s example in legislation. In New York liquor law was passed in 1854 but vetoed by Governor Horatio Seymour. Then in 1855, with a new administration, the "Maine Law" was passed, though it was never strictly enforced.
Augustus Fay was an engraver, lithographer and illustrator born in New York in 1824. He was active as an engraver in New York City 1848-1860, and as a lithographer in Hoboken, New Jersey and in New York in the 1850s.
Location
Currently not on view
Object Name
lithograph
Object Type
Lithograph
Date made
1854
maker
Fay, Augustus
place made
United States: New Jersey, Hoboken
depicted
United States: New York, New York City
Measurements
image: 18 7/8 in x 25 1/8 in; 47.9425 cm x 63.8175 cm
ID Number
DL.60.3000
catalog number
60.3000
accession number
228146
Credit Line
Harry T. Peters "America on Stone" Lithography Collection
subject
Clocks
Drinking
Eating
Chronology: 1850-1859
Lighting
Patriotism and Patriotic Symbols
Birds
Adornment
Reform Movements
State Government
Furnishings
Architecture, Commercial Buildings
Eagles
Dogs
See more items in
Cultural and Community Life: Domestic Life
Clothing & Accessories
Domestic Furnishings
Art
Temperance Movement
Peters Prints
Data Source
National Museum of American History
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