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Fort Monroe, Old Point Comfort and Hygeia Hotel, Va

Fort Monroe, Old Point Comfort and Hygeia Hotel, Va

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Description
The first fort on Point Comfort was constructed by the settlers of Jamestown in 1609, but the fortification displayed in this 1861 print was completed in 1834 and named in honor of President James Monroe. After the fall of Fort Sumter, Lincoln ordered the fort to be reinforced to prevent it from meeting a similar fate. Although located in Hampton, Virginia, Fort Monroe remained in Union hands for the entirety of the war. The strategically placed stronghold served as a base for Union attacks into Virginia and also as a refuge for runaway slaves, who were freed by the Union forces if they reached the fortress.
The Hygeia Hotel was constructed in 1822 and was visited by many famous American notables, including Henry Clay, Andrew Jackson, John Tyler, and Edgar Allen Poe. It was demolished the year after this print was produced, in order to create more space for defenses. In the print, sailing ships and a steamboat cruise past Point Comfort, which is connected to the mainland by a narrow causeway.
The print’s creator, Edward Sachse, moved to America from Germany sometime in the 1840s. He settled in Baltimore, working under E. Weber & Co., one of the city’s most prominent lithography firms. He established E. Sachse & Co. in 1850, specializing in bird’s eye views of Baltimore and Washington D.C. His brother Theodore joined the firm in the mid-1850s and after Edward’s death in 1873, Theodore’s son Adolph headed the company, as A. Sachse & Co., from 1877 to 1887.
Location
Currently not on view
Object Name
Lithograph
Object Type
Lithograph
Date made
1861
maker
E. Sachse and Company
place made
United States: Maryland, Baltimore
depicted
United States: Virginia, Old Point Comfort
Measurements
image: 18 1/4 in x 28 in; 46.355 cm x 71.12 cm
ID Number
DL.60.3788
catalog number
60.3788
Credit Line
Harry T. Peters "America on Stone" Lithography Collection
subject
Architecture, Commercial Buildings
Architecture
Chronology: 1860-1869
Architecture, Domestic Buildings
Ships
Steamships
Sailing Ships
Civil War
Civil War
See more items in
Cultural and Community Life: Domestic Life
Domestic Furnishings
Art
Transportation
Data Source
National Museum of American History
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