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Henry Rifle

Henry Rifle

Usage conditions apply
Physical Description
Henry rifle Model 1860,.44 caliber.
General History
The Henry rifle was the immediate forerunner of the famous Winchester rifles. About 14,000 Henrys were made between 1860 and 1866 by the New Haven Arms Company. The Henry rifle was developed from the Volcanic firearms system and was built around the.44 rimfire cartridge. Both the new rifle and the cartridge were designed by B. Tyler Henry. A basic feature of the.44 rimfire cartridge was the use of a metallic casing rather than the undependable, self-contained powder, ball, and primer of the Volcanic bullet. Evidence indicates that the Indians at Little Big Horn had a large number of Henry rifles, while the army was armed with the single-shot breech-loading Springfield Model 1873.
Object Name
Henry, Benjamin Tyler
New Haven Arms Company
Place Made
United States
Associated Place
United States
Physical Description
steel (overall material)
wood (overall material)
brass (overall material)
overall: 8 in x 44 in x 1 1/2 in; 20.32 cm x 111.76 cm x 3.81 cm
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
Expansion and Reform
See more items in
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
Price of Freedom
Exhibition Location
National Museum of American History
Data Source
National Museum of American History
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