Chief Long Horn

Chief Long Horn

Usage conditions apply
Description (Brief)
Half-length portrait of Native American man wearing head dress with feathers, necklaces and bangles. He is bare-chested and has painted stripes on arms, chest & face.He holds a tomahawk, and his face is hand-tinted pink, and ornaments are blue & gold. This photograph is one of a series a of portrait daguerreotypes made of Native American chiefs while they crossed the country to meet with US Government officials in Washington, DC. When passing through St. Louis, Missouri, in 1851-52 these chiefs were photographed by photographers Thomas Easterly and John Fitzgibbons. Each portrait was a unique image. Daguerreotypes had no negatives; each photograph was exposed on a silver-nitrate covered copper plate. Daguerreotypes remained a popular method of capturing portraits from 1840 to 1860 when it was replaced with easier and less hazardous methods of negative-positive based photography like wet-plate collodion and albumen. Matted, not cased.
Currently not on view
Object Name
date made
Easterly, Thomas M.
place made
United States: Missouri, Saint Louis
United States: Missouri, St. Louis
Physical Description
metal, copper (overall material)
glass (overall material)
overall: 14 cm x 11.5 cm x.5 cm; 5 1/2 in x 4 17/32 in x 3/16 in
ID Number
accession number
catalog number
Native Americans
See more items in
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Data Source
National Museum of American History
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The British Museum has a later 1869 albumen copy photo of this daguerreotype with information which says it was taken by Thomas Easterly in St. Louis in the spring of 1847. It also says that Longhorn was a Sauk (Sac) and Fox Chief.

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