Stoneware Crock

Stoneware Crock

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Description
This stoneware butter crock was made by John Burger, who operated a pottery in Rochester, New York, between 1839 and 1870. It is one gallon in capacity with a maker’s mark just below the rim. Its floral design is rendered in cobalt blue, and the interior is brown glazed.
John Burger came from Alsace-Lorraine in France, and first worked at a pottery in Lyons on the Erie Canal. In 1839 he moved to Rochester and joined Nathan Clark and Company as manager of the pottery. In 1855 Burger became the owner of the pottery and continued in the business of making stoneware for domestic uses—preserve jars, churns, pitchers and batter pitchers, cream pots, jugs, molasses jugs, water fountains, beer bottles, stove tubes, and the butter pot seen here. He was joined in the business by his sons in the 1860s. Decorative floral motifs of this kind were common by the 1850s.
Early in the 19th century, the potters themselves executed the designs, but later they employed women to paint the pottery’s motifs onto the vessels. Women’s skills in writing and in decorative techniques expressed in the home prepared them to execute designs with fluency and without any formal art education.
Object Name
jar
crock
date made
1854-1867
maker
Burger, John
place made
United States: New York, Rochester
Physical Description
ceramic, stoneware, coarse (overall material)
Measurements
overall: 6 1/4 in x 3 3/8 in; 15.875 cm x 8.5725 cm
ID Number
CE.319884.161
catalog number
319884.161
accession number
319884
Credit Line
Dr. Cornelius and Sui-ling Soo Osgood
Expansion and Reform
See more items in
Cultural and Community Life: Ceramics and Glass
Food
Work
Industry & Manufacturing
New York Stoneware
Exhibition
On the Water
Exhibition Location
National Museum of American History
Data Source
National Museum of American History
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