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Coverlet; Jacquard; double-cloth; c. 1840-1850; Ohio

Coverlet; Jacquard; double-cloth; c. 1840-1850; Ohio

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Description
This red, white, & blue double-cloth coverlet features a centerfield design of alternating horizontal rows of buildings. One row depicts a church with large steeple flanked on either side by taverns or inns, and the other row depicts pagoda and Chinoiserie-inspired houses and palm trees. Early 20th century coverlet scholarship has tended to refer to this combination of Western and Eastern architecture, “Christians and Heathens.” This patterns is also almost always found in the border rather than the centerfield. The four borders of this coverlet feature s double row of meandering grape vines. The corner blocks are quartered and display an enlarged grape leaf motif similar to those found in the border designs. The weaver of this coverlet has yet to be identified, but current scholarship points to an Ohio origin and a date of between the years, 1840-1850. The Colonial Coverlet Guild of America and the Iroquois County Historical Society Museum of Wateska, Illinois both possess identical coverlets in their collections. This coverlet is in poor shape. There is a significant amount of loss along the upper edge which is suggestive of heavy use through the years. There is also evidence of self-fringe along three sides, most of which has worn away. This coverlet measures 81 inches by 72.5 inches.
Location
Currently not on view
Object Name
coverlet, figured
coverlet
Date made
1850's
date made
1840-1850
place made
United States: Ohio
Physical Description
double cloth (overall production method/technique)
"Christians and Heathens," "Grape Vine" (center pattern)
red, white, blue (overall color)
cotton, wool (overall material)
Figured and Fancy (overall style)
Measurements
overall: 81 in x 72 in; 205.74 cm x 182.88 cm
ID Number
TE.T14700
catalog number
T14700.000
accession number
280849
Credit Line
Gift of Mrs. Robert S. Allen
See more items in
Cultural and Community Life: Textiles
Coverlets
Textiles
Data Source
National Museum of American History
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