Andrew Kump; coverlet; Jacquard, tied-Beiderwand; 1848; Pennsylvania

Andrew Kump; coverlet; Jacquard, tied-Beiderwand; 1848; Pennsylvania

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Description
Andrew Kump’s workshop produced this Jacquard, blue & white, tied-Beiderwand coverlet. It features fringe on 3 sides. The border is composed of floral chains, which appear to be roses. The centerfield pattern is made up of “Double Lily” and “Double Lily” medallions and there are woven cornerblocks that read, "Andrew Kump, Damask Coverlet Manufacturer, Hanover, York County Pa. 1848." The coverlet measures 96x88 inches and has a center seam indicating it was woven on a handloom with a Jacquard attachment. The refinement of the design of this coverlet when compared with our other Kump coverlet (T8955), which was woven in 1836 reflect the rapid advancement of the patterning technology and the shifting tastes in style.
Kump worked in Hanover, York County, Pennsylvania, but advertised in Northern Maryland as well as Pennsylvania. Kump employed another weaver named Valentine Cook (1820-1869). The only evidence that Kump was a coverlet weaver comes from the 1835-1836 York County tax lists. The 1850 Federal Census listed Kump as a retail store owner with Cook living in the household. In the 1860 Federal Census, Cook is absent and Kump is listed as a confectioner. More evidence is needed to prove without a doubt that Kump owned the license for the weaving equipment that Cook was using, but the absence of signed Cook coverlets seems to suggest that Kump was having his own branded coverlets woven on-site at his store. In 1855, when Cook moved to Adams County, Pennsylvania, William Gernand, a Maryland coverlet weaver, advertised that he had recently purchased Kump’s equipment and inventory. It is therefore likely, that at least after 1850, Cook was weaving coverlets sold by Kump at his store.
Location
Currently not on view
Object Name
coverlet, figured
Date made
1848
weaver
Kump, Andrew
place made
United States: Pennsylvania, Hanover
Physical Description
tied-Beiderwand (overall production method/technique)
double lily, double leaf (center pattern)
cotton, wool (overall material)
white, blue (overall color)
jacquard (overall production method/technique)
Measurements
overall: 96 in x 88 in; 243.84 cm x 223.52 cm
ID Number
TE.T8956
catalog number
T08956.000
accession number
164228
Credit Line
Gift of Miss Rebecca E. Everly
See more items in
Cultural and Community Life: Textiles
Coverlets
Domestic Furnishings
Textiles
Data Source
National Museum of American History
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