Matthew Rattray; coverlet; Jacquard, double-cloth; 1853; Indiana

Matthew Rattray; coverlet; Jacquard, double-cloth; 1853; Indiana

Usage conditions apply
Downloads
Description
Matthew Rattray (1796-1872) woven is blue and white, Jacquard, double cloth coverlet in Richmond, Wayne County, Indiana in 1853. The coverlet measures 93 inches by 77 inches and was constructed from two panels woven as one length, cut, and sewn together in the center. There is self-fringe along the bottom edge. The centerfield design is foliate and geometric carpet medallion motif. The side borders show pairs of adorsed birds of paradise perched on branches. The lower border shows pairs of birds feeding their young on oak tree branches. The corner block logo is an eagle with twenty-six stars and the date, 1853. This cornerblock trademark is associated with the coverlet weaver, Matthew Rattray. Rattray was born and trained as a fancy weaver in Paisley, Scotland. Although there has yet to be evidence discovered, it is likely that Rattray first immigrated to America to work for a large industrial mill in New England before moving West to Indiana in the early 1840s. Once in Indiana, Rattray advertised extensively about his New York-made Jacquard machine, his ability to design and replicate patterns, and his proficiency at Figured and Fancy carpets, coverlets, and other fancy goods.
Location
Currently not on view
Object Name
coverlet, figured
coverlet
Date made
1853
place made
United States: Indiana, Richmond
Physical Description
double cloth (overall production method/technique)
Jacquard (center production method/technique)
cotton, wool (overall material)
white, blue (overall color)
Figured and Fancy (overall style)
Measurements
overall: 93 in x 77 in; 236.22 cm x 195.58 cm
ID Number
TE.T17894
catalog number
T17894.000
accession number
319019
Credit Line
Gift of Mrs. Martha Strawbridge Dickes
See more items in
Cultural and Community Life: Textiles
Coverlets
Textiles
Data Source
National Museum of American History
Nominate this object for photography.   

Our collection database is a work in progress. We may update this record based on further research and review. Learn more about our approach to sharing our collection online.

If you would like to know how you can use content on this page, see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use. If you need to request an image for publication or other use, please visit Rights and Reproductions.

Note: Comment submission is temporarily unavailable while we make improvements to the site. We apologize for the interruption. If you have a question relating to the museum's collections, please first check our Collections FAQ. If you require a personal response, please use our Contact page.