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Land Grant Sketch

Land Grant Sketch

Diseño – land grant survey sketch ca. 1860.
This diseño or sketch was used by the Doña Juana Sancez de Pacheco to file a patent for ownership of land for about 2 leagues near Mt. Diablo, Contra County California (just outside of Oakland). The Pacheco family petitioned Governor José Figueroa for land in the 1830’s. The first claim about this case was filed in 1852. The case finally ended with an issuing of a patent to the Pacheco heirs in 1866.
Property rights law was different in Mexico then in the U.S. In Mexico “previous use” of land was enough to show ownership. The 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was supposed to have guaranteed property rights to Mexicans in the newly acquired territory of California. Many Mexicans lost their lands because of the 1851 California Land Act, taxes, Anglo squatters, and frauds claiming ownership. Many of the long time Mexican families lost their savings in legal battles over land claims and eventually had to sell their lands to cover costs.
Currently not on view
Object Name
Date made
ca. 1860
associated date
place made
United States: California
Physical Description
ink (overall material)
paper (overall material)
watercolor (overall material)
overall: 51 cm x 30.5 cm; 20 1/16 in x 12 in
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
See more items in
Cultural and Community Life: Community Life
Cultures & Communities
Data Source
National Museum of American History
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