Frank T. June's 1878 School Desk Connecting Improvement Patent Model

Frank T. June's 1878 School Desk Connecting Improvement Patent Model

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Frank T. June from Chicago, Illinois, received a U.S. patent for an improved school desk. Patent no. 198922 was issued on January 1, 1878.
This model has four thick, large wooden slats held together by a vertical cast iron rod. The patent established a way to join the slats that form seat backs and seat. The vertical standards would feature a groove and dovetailed slats would slide into place. This system offered ease of construction with few tools.
Frank T. June joined Aaron J. Hull in running the Novelty Iron Works which produced the supports and metal work for many school desk manufacturers. It later became Sterling School Furniture Company. At one time, Hull also served as President of the Sherwood School Furniture Company. A prolific inventor, Hull moved from desks to pumps in the late 1870s.
Currently not on view
Object Name
desk improvement patent model
Object Type
Patent Model
date made
patent date
June, Frank T.
U.S. Patent and Trademark Office
June, Frank T.
referenced in patent specifications
United States: Illinois, Chicago
Physical Description
wood (overall material)
metal (overall material)
iron (overall material)
overall: 11 in x 4 in x 2 3/4 in; 27.94 cm x 10.16 cm x 6.985 cm
ID Number
accession number
catalog number
patent number
Patent Models
See more items in
Cultural and Community Life: Education
Cultures & Communities
American History Education Collection
Patent Model School Seats and Desks
Data Source
National Museum of American History
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