Joseph Ingles's 1870 School Desk and Seat Patent Model

Joseph Ingles's 1870 School Desk and Seat Patent Model

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Joseph Ingels from Milton, Indiana, received a U.S. patent for an improved school desk. Patent model 102941 was issued on May 10, 1870.
This desk combines wood, iron, and brass. The bench has a sloped bottom for more support. The desk is attached to the backrest and can be compacted for more space. The seat of the bench is made out of slatted wood. It also has iron armrests on each side of the bench. The desk can be raised and lowered as needed. Rubber cushions have been added to prevent the desk from making noise when closing. The seat also accommodated the movement of the students so that they could rock backward and forward as needed. There are two labels inside the desk that read "R. Carkhuff/North Front St., Lewisburg, PA./Models, cutouts, patterns./Model maker, engineer and brass and gear work.” There is a pierced pattern on the desk side support.
Joseph Ingels was best known for inventing seeding equipment. He founded the Hoosier Grain Drilling Company and began manufacturing in 1859. After a series of acquisitions, the company eventually became part of International Harvester.
Currently not on view
Object Name
desk model
Object Type
Patent Model
date made
patent date
Ingles, Joseph
U.S. Patent and Trademark Office
Ingles, Joseph
referenced in patent specifications
United States: Indiana, Milton
Physical Description
wood (overall material)
metal (overall material)
brass (overall material)
overall: 7 1/2 in x 10 in x 8 in; 19.05 cm x 25.4 cm x 20.32 cm
overall: 7 1/2 in; 19.05 cm
ID Number
accession number
catalog number
patent number
Patent Models
See more items in
Cultural and Community Life: Education
Cultures & Communities
American History Education Collection
Patent Model School Seats and Desks
Data Source
National Museum of American History
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