Psychological Test with Manual of Directions, Pintner-Cunningham Primary Mental Test

Psychological Test with Manual of Directions, Pintner-Cunningham Primary Mental Test

Usage conditions apply
Downloads
Description
This test was designed to measure the mental ability of kindergarten, first grade, and second grade children. The authors were Rudolf Pintner (1884 -1942) and Bess V. Cunningham (1882-1964), both then at Teachers College of Columbia University. This is the first edition of the test.
Pintner, born in England, received a Master of Arts from the University of Edinburgh in 1906 and a PhD. from Leipzig University in 1913. He came to the United States in 1912. After a year at Toledo University in Ohio, he went to Ohio State University, and then, from 1921 until his death, was at Teachers College. During his time at Ohio State, Pintner and Donald G. Paterson devised an influential "Scale of Performance Tests" for use with deaf children in the schools of Ohio. This initially involved manipulation of concrete objects. During the course of World War I, U.S. Army psychologists adopted portions of this scale into the paper-and-pencil Army Beta examination.
Ohio-born Bess V. Cunningham attended the University of Toledo, graduating in 1917. She then went to Ohio State for her master’s degree (1921) and to Columbia University where she obtained a PhD. (1923), becoming the first graduate of Toledo University to earn a PhD. She taught at Teachers College from 1924 to 1934 and then returned to Toledo University as head of the department of elementary education, a position she held until her retirement in 1951.
For a version of the Pintner-Paterson Short Performance Scale, see 1990.0034.045. For an example of the Army Beta examination, see 1990.0334.02. For another test devised by Pintner when he was at Ohio State, see MA.316371.103. For a non-language mental test by Pintner sold while he was at Teachers College, see 1990.0034.144 and 1990.0034.157.
References:
American Psychological Association, 1962 Directory, ed. James Q. Holsopple, Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association, 1962, p. 150
Cunningham, B.V. The Prognostic Value of a Primary Group Test: A Study of Intelligence and Relative Achievement in the First Grade, New York: Teacher’s College, 1923. This is the published form of Cunningham’s PhD. dissertation.
Pintner, R., “The Pintner-Cunningham Primary Test,” Journal of Educational Psychology, 1927, 18 #1, pp. 52-58. For the online version, see
https://doi.org/10.1037/h0070588.
Harry L. Hollingworth [sic], “Rudolf Pintner, 1884-1942,” American Journal of Psychology, 1943, 56 #2, pp. 303-305.
“Dr. Rudolf Pinter of Columbia Dead,” New York Times, November 8, 1942, p. 51.
“Finding Aid: Bess V. Cunningham Papers, 1945”, Archives, University of Toledo. This collection consists of the manuscript of Cunningham’s book Psychology for Nurses (1945).
Location
Currently not on view
Object Name
Psychological Test With Manual Of Directions
date made
1923
publisher
World Book Company
maker
Cunningham, Bess V.
Pintner, R.
Physical Description
paper (overall material)
Measurements
overall:.1 cm x 21.8 cm x 14 cm; 1/32 in x 8 19/32 in x 5 1/2 in
ID Number
1990.0034.011
catalog number
1990.0034.011
accession number
1990.0034
Credit Line
Gift of Samuel Kavruck
subject
Mathematics
Psychological Tests
See more items in
Medicine and Science: Mathematics
Science & Mathematics
Data Source
National Museum of American History
Nominate this object for photography.   

Our collection database is a work in progress. We may update this record based on further research and review. Learn more about our approach to sharing our collection online.

If you would like to know how you can use content on this page, see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use. If you need to request an image for publication or other use, please visit Rights and Reproductions.

Note: Comment submission is temporarily unavailable while we make improvements to the site. We apologize for the interruption. If you have a question relating to the museum's collections, please first check our Collections FAQ. If you require a personal response, please use our Contact page.