Psychological Test, Revision of Army Alpha Examination. Form A

Psychological Test, Revision of Army Alpha Examination. Form A

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During World War I, a team of American psychologists developed a program for testing the mental capacity of U.S. Army recruits. Soldiers who spoke English and could read took a test called Group Examination Alpha (for an example, see 1990.0334.01). This is revised version of that test, prepared by the psychologist Elsie Oschrin Bregman (1896-1969).
Born in Newark, New Jersey, Elsie Oschrin attended Barnard College, graduating in 1918. She married metallurgist Adolph Bregman the following year, took his last name, and also began working at Macy’s department store developing a pioneering program for testing store employees. Bregman also continued her studies, completing a doctorate at Columbia University in 1922 that would be published as Studies in Industrial Psychology. From 1924 to 1934, she worked at the Psychological Corporation, which published this version of the Army Alpha. Bregman then went into private practice in New York.
“Dr. Elsie Bregman, Psychologist, Dead,” New York Times, July 26, 1969, p. 25.
Currently not on view
Object Name
Psychological Test
date made
Bergman, Elsie O.
Psychological Corporation
place made
United States: New York, New York
Physical Description
paper (overall material)
overall: 21.5 cm x 28 cm; 8 15/32 in x 11 1/32 in
ID Number
accession number
catalog number
Credit Line
Gift of David Gold
Psychological Tests
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Medicine and Science: Mathematics
Science & Mathematics
Data Source
National Museum of American History
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