Psychological Test, A Social Study

Psychological Test, A Social Study

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A Social Study was written by Manly H. Harper, Ph.D. It was published and copyrighted in 1927 by the Bureau of Publication, Teachers College, Columbia University. The four page booklet (double sided) included 71 different questions that the test taker was instructed to mark with either a + or a – sign. The study was designed to ascertain what teachers and educators thought were important considerations to take into account when developing good citizenship. Therefore, this test is of interest to historians of psychology while also providing insight into ideas about citizenship, the state, and political economy in the late 1920s.
The collection also includes a sheet entitled “Directions to Directors of the Study.” Here, we gain insight into how to proctor the study as well as gaining information on scoring, interpreting the results, and the norms for educators. The paper described how the study “gave a highly valid and reliable measure of social beliefs and attitudes as included in the trait conservatism-liberalism-radicalism.” Moreover, the norms section broke down the norms in terms of level of education, geographic location, and in one instance, race.
Currently not on view
Object Name
psychological test
maker, publisher
Columbia University
Harper, Manly H.
Physical Description
paper (overall material)
overall: 21.5 cm x 28 cm; 8 15/32 in x 11 1/32 in
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
Credit Line
Gift of David Shakow
Psychological Tests
See more items in
Medicine and Science: Mathematics
Data Source
National Museum of American History
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