Birch Cent, United States, Pattern, 1792

Birch Cent, United States, Pattern, 1792

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United States Mint, Philadelphia. Obverse: Head of Liberty with flowing hair facing right, date below. Reverse: Denomination in wreath, fraction (1/100) below. This design has been traditionally ascribed to a British artist named William Russell Birch. Patterns with these designs were struck towards the end of 1792. By the time the cent entered formal production, however, its weight and size had been reduced, and another artist was brought in to design the coin.
[reference no. Judd 4]
Currently not on view
Object Name
date made
U.S. Mint
place made
United States
Associated Place
United States
Physical Description
copper (overall material)
overall: 25 mm x 32.5 mm; 31/32 in x 1 9/32 in
ID Number
accession number
catalog number
Credit Line
Gift of Stack's
See more items in
Work and Industry: National Numismatic Collection
Coins, Currency and Medals
Data Source
National Museum of American History
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Are there exemples of this coin without cranted edges, and the liberty lady wearing a ear-ring? Thanks.
I’ve read that these coins were minted with lettering on the edge. Do you have any images of the edge?
Thank you for this opportunity to ask questions. This 1792 birch penny was made in Phila. Penn. How many were made and where would they likely go when they went into circulation? Thanks again
"Thank you for your question. Unfortunately, the number of Birch Cents minted and specifically where they circulated is unknown. There are only eleven of these coins known to remain today. If you are interested in Birch Cents and other early American coins, a good resource for more information is “America’s Money, America’s Story: A Chronicle of American Numismatic History” by Richard Doty. "

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